Jesus of Nazareth took time out to attend a wedding feast in the village of Cana, with his mother, Mary , and his first few disciples.
Jewish weddings were steeped in tradition and ritual. One of the customs was providing an extravagant feast for guests. Something went wrong at this wedding, however, because they ran out of wine early. In that culture, such a miscalculation would have been a great humiliation for the bride and groom. In the ancient Middle East, hospitality to guests was considered a grave responsibility. Several examples of this tradition appear in the Bible, but the most exaggerated is seen in Genesis , in which Lot offers his two virgin daughters to a mob of attackers in Sodom , rather than turn over two male guests in his home.
The shame of running out of wine at their wedding would have followed this Cana couple all their lives.
It was serious consideration of a much more minor matter that was an extension of revealed principles. The New International Version adds the adjective "dear" before woman. Of course a number of New Testament scholars—the Jesus Seminar comes to mind—tend to doubt that the Gospels accurately record very much at all about Jesus, with the exception of some of his sayings. April 15, at pm. The fact that what were once central elements in society are now perceived as untrustworthy or lacking in genuine authority has created a climate where people look inwards, into themselves, for meaning and strength. The alternate view—that Easter must be on a Sunday, regardless of the day on which the Jewish Passover falls—ultimately prevailed.
Nearby were six stone jars filled with water used for ceremonial washing. Jews cleansed their hands, cups, and vessels with water before meals.
Each large pot held from 20 to 30 gallons. Jesus told the servants to fill the jars with water. He ordered them to draw some out and take it to the master of the banquet, who was in charge of food and drink. The master was unaware of Jesus' turning the water in the jars into wine.
The steward was astounded. He took the bride and groom aside and complimented them. As it was written considerably later than the other three canon Gospels, the agenda is clearly different, separating itself from Judaism of the time more clearly, which might easily explain the shift in timing as to when a last supper might have taken place. The alleged words of Jesus in this instance have to be taken the same way as all others—we can not know whether he spoke any of the words attributed to him in the canon or any other gospels. Unless one is coming from a believing point of view, one must be absolutely skeptical of all that is presented in the myths of all cultures in the absence of absolute archaeological evidence.
Jesus Christ remains the most famous figure in the modern world, says the British newspaper The Guardian. Research on the books in the Library of Congress, in Washington, D. That was almost twice as many as those written about William Shakespeare, who occupied second place with 9, books. Mary, the mother of Jesus, was in seventh place, with 3, books, and was the only woman in the top Joan of Arc, the next closest woman, had books written about her. Picasso heads the list of painters, ahead of Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo.
Thanks for a thought-provoking article. While I agreed with the following text, I found its implications quite intriguing:. The Gospels generally portray Jesus as equating the bread of the meal to his body and the wine to his to his blood. I have not read of the view that faithful Jewish people would take of such a view. If so, is this good cause to question the connection between the Last Supper and the Eucharist? Could the words of institution preserved in the Gospels and in a letter of Paul be based on a misunderstanding? Is this the first time you have come to realize that BAR is not rigidly committed to inerrancy or any other ideas, for that matter as ideas not subject to question or discussion?
I have always been aware that the writers of the Greek Testament have, to put it charitably, a poor grasp of the nature of the Judaism of the time of which they are attempting to write. Sorry this comes as a surprise to you, but one must deal with all facts, not just the ones that satisfy our own preconceived notions. The Last Supper is often identified as a Seder, but it appears that we have very little information about how the meal was celebrated back then. And supper being come, the devil already having put [it] into the heart of Judas of Simon, Iscariot, that he may deliver him up, Jesus knowing that all things the Father hath given to him — into [his] hands, and that from God he came forth, and unto God he goeth, doth rise from the supper, and doth lay down his garments, and having taken a towel, he girded himself; afterward he putteth water into the basin, and began to wash the feet of his disciples, and to wipe with the towel with which he was being girded.
There is no discrepancy here. And supper being come, the devil already having put [it] into the heart of Judas of Simon, Iscariot, that he may deliver him up, Jesus knowing that all things the Father hath given to him — into [his] hands, and that from God he came forth, and unto God he goeth,doth rise from the supper, and doth lay down his garments, and having taken a towel, he girded himself; afterward he putteth water into the basin, and began to wash the feet of his disciples, and to wipe with the towel with which he was being girded.
John , YLT. There is an excellent book that addresses the issue of whether the last meal was a Passover meal and when it occurred, and reconciles the apparent discrepanices in the Gospel accounts.
Graem Waddington, an Oxford astrophysicist. Humphreys addresses and answers fundamental questions about the last weeks of the life of Jesus, such as the date of the crucifixion, the date of the last supper, whether the last supper was a Passover meal. In my mind, his book provides compelling evidence that the biblical accounts of that week are factually based, and, upon analysis, are not contradictory.
It is a mystery to me why anyone who is researching or writing about this subject does not address this book. The ball is in the court of scholars to either confirm his conclusions or demonstrate why they are wrong. It reminds us that Jesus upheld the sovereignty of his Father, Jehovah. By partaking of the bread and wine, the latter show that they are fully united with Christ. These are the ones who will reign with Christ in heaven as kings and priests.
When should the Memorial be observed? The answer becomes clear when we remember that Jesus chose a particular date to institute this celebration—the Passover. Clearly, Jesus was directing his followers to use the same date to commemorate the far greater act of salvation that God would make possible through the death of Christ.
Do they do so out of love for ritual? Frankly, that is what appeals to many about celebrating the Eucharist.
Jesus as master of the water element which is the number 33 was able to walk on water, change water into wine, command the sea to be calm, and changed five. [DOWNLOAD] Jesus as master of the water element by Ken Nunoo. Book file PDF easily for everyone and every device. You can download and read online.
Such truths are worthy of contemplation and discussion throughout the year. The Witnesses find that observing the Memorial is the best way to keep remembering the profound love of Jehovah God and of his Son, Jesus Christ. Jesus and his immediate disciples, the 12 apostles, were Jewish people who were under the Mosaic Law. So what they did observed that night was the Jewish Passover celebration. But there was someting greater that happened that night. Jesus took an unlevened bread from their passover meal symbolizing his sinless body, blessed it and had the remaining faithful and loyal apostles partook it.
Then he took a cup of the red wine from their passover drink that symbolized his blood to be poured on their behalf, blessed it and passed it on to each one of them to partook.. Luke , God chosed the Israelites as his Covenant People of all the people on the face of the earth, and by means of the laws and statutes that God gives to the Isralites through the mediatorship of Moses at Mt.
Sinai, they were a different people separated from people of all other nations that surrounded them.. It seems the article aims to separate the Eucharist of the RCC from any connection to the Pesach festival.
The historical Jewish Rabbi, Jesus of Nazareth, must have celebrated pesach, as a faithful observant Jewish man, regardless that it was not a seder as we celebrate it today. The slaying of the Lamb takes place as the sun is setting and then the Lamb is eaten that evening which is the 1st day of Unleavened Bread during Sabbath.
Since the 1st day was a Sabbath, the Jews would not have violated the Sabbath. Remember how the thieves and The Christ were taken down before the Sabbath commenced.
Legs were broken to hasten the death, but when they got to The Christ, he was already dead. I am shocked and disappointed in B. I was always aware that B. R was slightly liberal in their theology, but this absolutely solidifies their thoroughly non-Christian approach to their work. Wonderful article. I remember reading Bargil Pixel spelling?